Stećak (plural: stećci) is a ritual stone slab of Old prehistoric Bosnian civilization (pre-Illyrian-to-Illyrian) - the forerunner to Ancient Greek civilization and Ancient Rome - found mainly in Bosnia (Illyria Proper) which is thus the cradle of European and Western civilization. The indigenous population from various cultures of the Bosnian civilization have painted with petroglyphs and engravings just around 2% of all the stećci. Many stećci got destroyed or damaged so that, of the total of estimated 150,000 pieces, about 70,000 survive until this day, which makes Old Bosnian stećci the largest concentration of stela dolmens (prehistoric burial blocks) in the world.
They feature motifs that reach in Prehistory (hunting or taming of wild animals; extinguished species; astral symbolism) and Antiquity (pre-Antiquity and Antiquity warriors with helmet plumes; mythological motifs; calendars). Some stećci contain carvings or inscriptions, of which a number is in an as yet unknown alphabet, while others include glyphs as well as Old Greek, Old Latin, Old Slavic (Glagolitic) and Bosnian Cyrillic (Bosančica). Stećci feature unique ornaments known in archaeology as the Bosnian style , elements of which can be found in Celtic, Gothic, Mediterranean, and Byzantine styles, and which got transposed also onto metal craft-work, jewelry, and weaponry.
Only a small fraction of stećci (between 300-400, or just 0.4%) feature medieval inscriptions, so it is incorrect to call stećci medieval monuments. Christian (mainly Catholic) motifs (crosses etc.) are found on only 0.5% of stećci, which means that stećci are not related to Christianity either but they precede it instead. Also, pre-Christian ornaments, motifs, and inscriptions by far outnumber Christian ones. Finally, medieval archives including the Franciscans Chronicles never mention stećci - neither the stonework nor engraving orders - while making no record of their existence at all. This unmasks selective approach of the Roman-Catholic Church that mocks people of the Old Bosnian civilization as "pogani" (cf. early Christians' slur Pagans for adherents of Old Bosnian polytheist religion, where pogan marks a lowlife in local languages as developed under Church's influence so to make locals regard their ancestors as lowlifes).
At the same time, Church destroys and arrogates Old Bosnia's monuments and customs - like supreme Illyrian ("Slavic") god Triglav (meaning: The 3-headed) - the highest deity of "Sky, Earth, and Underworld". Romans (Vatican) plagiarized this supreme Illyrian deity and incorporated it into their fake religion as a doctrine of Holy Trinity (therefore rejected by many Protestants): Sun - "Father", Earth - "Son", and Underworld - "Holy Spirit". Romans plagiarized Illyrian Sun-god Dazhbog (Dažbog) too, whose religion spread from Illyria into surrounding lands - in Old Rome as Sol Indiges, whose worshipers later on in the Roman Empire (1-3 century CE) formed what is regarded today as the "mysterious religion of Sun-god Mithra". This early Illyrian deity spread from Illyria into Syria as Sun-god Shamash, and also into prehistoric Egypt (6000-3100 BCE) as Amun Ra (that later on became Horus or just Ra), then throughout Celtic lands as Sun-god Belenus (3rd century CE), as well as into western China, India, etc.
- 1 Prehistory
- 2 Antiquity
- 3 Non-existent medieval significance
- 4 Catholic Joint Criminal Enterprise ending in misuse of UNESCO
- 5 Cause of Vatican's hatred
- 6 Methods of Greater Catholic and Greater Germanic expansionism
- 7 Illyria is the cradle of all civilizations
- 8 Consequences of the Priority
- 9 Gallery
- 10 Useful links
- 11 References
The oldest archaeological find of the Old Bosnian civilization is the cave drawing of taming of horses, discovered in 1976 in Badanj Cave (Bregava canyon) near Borojevići in southern Bosnia. Archaeologists have identified more than 20 layers from prehistory and dated the site to Upper Paleolithic (Stone Age) (50,000-10,000 BCE). Primitive style and the fact that it is the only cave drawing on the east coast of Adriatic Sea mean that the drawing is one of the oldest examples of cave art of Europe made 35,000-45,000 years ago, or before humans settled in Western Europe. The drawing belongs in a widely spread cult of Europe's first settlers as they arrived (c. 45,000 BCE). The cave drawings were normally created as a prayer to gods via ritual depictions during winter months for a rich game the upcoming spring. The oldest paleolithic human remains in Bosnia, those of a Neanderthal dated at 40,000 BCE, were found in 1991 in Podlipa Cave near Sokolac in central Bosnia, along with rock carvings.
Within Bosnian civilization, the wondrous Butmir culture (5200 BCE) near Sarajevo reveals artistic genius as a crucial characteristic of any civilization. Since the Butmir culture is the oldest artistic culture, and also the nucleus of the Old Bosnian civilization, the Old Bosnian civilization was the first civilization in history. As a more primitive form of creativity and expression, most of stećci are older than the Butmir culture, i.e., they precede it by 1000-5000 years.
Bosnian medieval cities developed largely from autochthonous fortifications from earlier periods, so for example, during archaeological excavations at the Royal city of Dobor, many remains from prehistory were found including abundant artifacts of Vučedol ceramics (Vučedol culture, 3000–2200 BCE), weights, etc. Remains of a prehistoric fort made of mud bricks were also uncovered. There are seven layers in total, including those from Iron Age (2200-1000 BCE), as well as significant remains of Kostolac culture (3250-3000 BCE). Old settlements and forts from Neolithic (8000-2000 BCE) and Paleolithic (35,000-10,000 BCE) were also found at various locations throughout Bosnia. Excavations have shown that many medieval cities developed at places with prehistoric settlements. Most notable examples are medieval cities: Bobovac, Vranduk, Borač, Vratar, Sokolac (Sokograd) on Pliva, etc.
Around 60,000 or over 85% of stećci are located in Bosnia, while the rest is in Serbia, Montenegro, and Croatia. Some locations show astrocentric component as the forerunner of later similar monuments such as the Stonehenge in England. More than 50,000 stećci are of casket or horizontal stelae shape. Since stećci are most commonly found at ritual burial sites - necropoleis - dating back to Paleolithic (35,000-10,000 BCE), Neolithic (10,000-6500 BCE), Eneolithic (Copper Age) and to it overlapping Bronze Age (together: 6500-2200 BCE) via Iron Age (2200—1000 BCE) to Antiquity, stećci as such are the proof of continuity of burial rites and thus the Old Bosnian civilization as well, consisted of various cultures.
Thus, Copper Age (the world's oldest find is in near Prokuplje in Serbia, dated to 6,000-5,500 BCE) and Bronze Age (the world's oldest find is on Rudnik mountain in Serbia - meaning Mt. Mine - dated to 5,000 BCE) have in fact begun in Illyria - which is a testimony to the Illyrian ingenuity. For the past few centuries to say the least, western European centers of power are having nightmares over those data, which prompted them to start inventing broader and broader definitions of a civilization so that their (more recent) settlers could be considered civilizations as well. One such utterly ridiculous definition claims that "a Bronze Age civilization is characterized by manufacturing or at least trading in bronze", into which they then count amber (fossilized tree resin picked at beaches along northern seas and used for making fake jewelry) trade routes to Illyria. But as amber cutting has been known since the Stone Age, they use amber trade routes as a "proof" their ancient "civilizations" are older than the Illyrian, thus minimizing crucial importance of ingenuity of the Illyrians for real advancement of the mankind. Namely, it was copper that marked the beginning of the Metal Age - the man's climb towards civilization as metallurgy spread from Illyria in all directions, thus creating the nuclei of fundamental cultures such as Russia, India, Israel, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Mesopotamia, Persia, and so on.
Bosnia is Illyria Proper (Uža Ilirija), and its people have neither Romanized nor Hellenized. Instead, Old Greek civilization and Old Rome developed under Illyria's influence, which they later colonized: Greeks in Trojan war, followed by Romans in 9 CE, and finally the Vatican as the Rome's new mask in Middle Ages all the way until the modern era. As a permanent target of its neighbors, Bosnia's (Illyria's) history has been subject to censorship, so that its most powerful kings are not mentioned in Roman chronicles at all (like King Balaj who minted so much of his own money that it can still be found on both sides of Adriatic so the Romans did know of him). On the other hand, Roman chronicles do call Illyrians the "barbarians", the "servants", and the "pirates" although Illyrians merely secured their own sea with their own fleet - namely, prior to Romans renaming Adriatic after Emperor Hadrian (Mare Hadrianum), it was known as the Illyrian Sea (Mare Illyricum). As mentioned, even today the Roman-Catholic Church calls Illyrians and all cultures of Old Bosnian civilization the "pogani" (Pagans; lowlifes, scumbags in local languages shaped under Church's influence).
Anthropological studies have also established that, contrary to Roman-Germanic expansionist mythology, the Illyrian anthropological type cannot be described as short and dark complexion like Albanians. On the other hand, documents show that, as Pannonians, Illyrians themselves were "tall and strong, always ready to fight and facing danger, but slow-witted" (the last attribute is obviously ascribed from the standpoint of Roman imperial historians who equated well-intentioned Illyrians with being unruly and stupid, as a way of denying that Illyria was a civilization and not just a place inhabited with barbarians). Besides, life in the Illyrian lands has always been difficult, while countless defense wars against attackers are a testimony to how enduring the Illyrians have been.
Obviously, with such a fighting spirit as the main characteristic of a civilization, Illyrians never got Slavicized either, giving credence to a Russian historical school according to which it was the Russians (Slavs in western sources: Latin for servants, slaves) who spread into Russian lands from Illyria instead of vice-versa as imputed mainly by western European sources. Inhabitants of Illyrian lands today are not newcomers - which modern research in genetic anthropology proved as well - but mostly descendants of ancient people of Old Bosnian civilization.
A stećak near Ljubuški (pictured left) depicts a calendar motif via mythological scene marking the Trojan war (1200 BCE), with princess Iphigenia in golden carriage observing her father King Agamemnon as he kills the holy deer in a field entirely enveloped in a braiding of thunder (war) in the astronomically described era of Trojan war. Ljubuški is situated at the outskirts of Trojan war theater according to Mexican archaeologist Roberto Salinas, so the stećak is a proof that Troy is in southern Bosnia (Hercegovina), which was a Greek colony during Antiquity so that archaeological findings with Old Greek inscriptions are common. Numerous locations of stećci are even today commonly called Greek cemetery. Other traditional names for Old Bosnian necropoleis include Divsko groblje (giants' cemetery), Grebnice (gravestones), Mramori (marble stones), etc. Mythological motifs were merely a method for depicting history lapidarily ("in stone") using metaphors; however, Trojan war was simply an aggression in which Greece colonized Illyria for the first time.
Besides, "Troy" in Turkey - allegedly unveiled by a rich idler Schliemann - fits neither material facts (the site's perimeter is miniature, cultures younger than Troy were found underneath the "Troy", etc.), nor historic tradition: in Homer's famous Iliad (which either means Illyria - or it is history's most incredible coincidence ever) Troy cannot be seen from sea, while "Troy" in Turkey can (but inland Hercegovina can not), that Troy is in a Land of snow, that Illyrian symbol is a cloverleaf (shamrock) which is seen on stećci depicting Illyrians dancing the Trojan dance while holding a 3-leafed clover (trefoil) as a sign of Illyrian god Triglav (Threehead), that one of the three Trojan tribes in Iliad (Phrygi or Bryges, or Brigi - highlanders in local languages) wear Phrygian (Brigian) caps (today symbol of liberty worldwide, like in the Coat of Arms of US Senate) while the Illyrians depicted on stećci dancing the Trojan dance are wearing Phrygian cap, that Trojans mostly drink medovina (honey wine - where it was the Turks who later renamed Illyria as the Balkans (Turkish: "Land of honey and blood") - as they found Bosnia a traditional honey-harvesting nation when invading it, with hives in every village, making sultan's grandson Husrev bey, after executing Bosnia's last sovereign prince Berislavić in 1535, took over possession of his royal estates too include "hundreds of hives and in his endowment"), and so on.
Also, etymology of Troja (En. Troy) - cf. troina (trinity) due to the supreme Illyrian deity Triglav, reveals that Trojanci (Trojans) was in fact one of the names the Illyrians used for themselves, in addition to Panini (Pannonians) and Serbi (Serbs).
Non-existent medieval significance
Less than 1% of all stećci are or could be related to Christianity or Middle Ages. In medieval archives, including the Franciscans Chronicles, there is no mention of work orders - either for making or engraving of stećci. Therefore, as in older cultures of Old Bosnian civilization, people of note in Middle Ages used to hire stone cutters only sporadically to inscribe stećci for the customer's prestige. Human remains which date back to Middle Ages and Antiquity have been found under just a few slabs. This means that those rare stećci were merely moved so that deceased could be placed underneath. Obviously, there was no industry of stećci making in Middle Ages.
Most stećci are too massive for moving with everyday means of the era such as livestock tandems, which is one of the main reasons why "medieval stećci" (the ones inscribed during Middle Ages) are so rare. Most stećci cannot be moved even today using usual technology. The most massive known (above the ground) stećak is in Pavlovac near Sarajevo, with the mass of around 32 t.
Catholic Joint Criminal Enterprise ending in misuse of UNESCO
Sadly, of more than 70,000 known stećci at over 3,000 locations, UNESCO in 2016 declared as World Heritage monuments less than 4000 ("a selection of 4000") at just 28 locations, shamelessly openly picking exclusively the samples that are could be related to Christianity (Catholicism mainly). That is a horrible misuse of science and UN funds in the geopolitical interest of the Vatican and permanent criminal role of popes in Bosnia who by this move, same as other manipulations are trying to prove the non-existent historic right of popes over Bosnia. Vatican rents Bosnia to foreign powers since Roman occupation of 9 CE.
In addition to always Catholic governors (called "High Representatives" but with absolutist powers of viceroy) in Bosnia, the apartheid by Catholic minority over non-Catholic majority, as well as UNESCO's protection of primarily (allegedly) Catholic necropoleis, a proof that the Vatican is usurping the sovereignty right over Bosnia lies in an ad hoc "Commission to preserve national monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (note double meaning in the title as English is the only official language of Dayton Accords), which declares just some necropoleis as monuments, where in fact the (sovereign) state ought to name (declare) all 60,000 stećci as a national monument altogether. For instance, the English turned a single Stonehenge into world sensation, while quisling authorities treat 3000 Bosnian "Stonehenges" like trash.
The relationship towards cultural monuments is a proof that Bosnia is an undeclared protectorate (colony) - where the purpose of the fake Commission is to create an illusion that sovereignty usurpation is legal (the care for national goods). Western powers behave in Bosnia same as Taliban in Afghanistan while destroying or enabling the destruction of monuments belonging to ancient civilizations and cultures.
Declaring some stećci - dating back to times before Egyptian pyramids - as Catholic because someone inscribed on them a trace of existence is the same type of crime as declaring an Egyptian pyramid Catholic just because some tourist inscribed his/her name and signature on that pyramid. This misuse of UNESCO is an act of indirect forced Christianization, banned under international law. It is culmination of Greater Catholic Joint Criminal Enterprise enabled by bloody split of Yugoslavia with help of neofascist NATO pact to advance the borders of Catholic sphere of interest towards the Drina via the Total war method including a decades-long exhaustion of non-Catholic population.
Cause of Vatican's hatred
Methods of Greater Catholic and Greater Germanic expansionism
As a fundamental proof that Bosnia is the cradle of western civilization, meaning Ancient Greek civilization and Ancient Rome were/are not, the question of stećci is subject to manipulation under external influences that try to limit the stećci to merely medieval era and significance. Thus Bosnians (Illyrian peoples) are a victim of attempts to take away their historic right over their own domicile from before Christianity, meaning before Roman law spread to Bosnia with establishing of the Banate under Prince Borić.
As part of official yet largely fantasized history, as imputed mainly by Germanic (Austrian) geostrategists and the Vatican and their local quislings since the Berlin Congress of 1878, are:
- a myth of the Great Slav move who moved into Illyria while brave Illyrians, whom Rome could not subdue for centuries, literally evaporated or at least withdrew terrified of nomadic Slavs without a trace of the Big War at that (except for usual mentions of sporadic fighting and mutinies like elsewhere in Europe). The facts that there was no Invasion war and that after 9 A.D. Romans called Illyrians only those loyal locals (who paid taxes or joined Auxilia legions) while freedom-loving patriotic Illyrians who would more and more rise against Roman oppression (and finally liberate the land) were demeaned as Slavs (Latin for slaves, servants), show that the whole myth is baseless, unless one takes Roman/Vatican sources (filled with geostrategic minimization of Illyria such as the ignoring of her most powerful kings) seriously - which only an unethical scientist can do;
- a hoax of relocating Troy from Bosnia to Turkey with help of pseudoscience of "pick and shovel where rich idler Schliemann decides", etc.
They all have the same goal: to deny local peoples (a single and unique people, in fact) their historic right to a specific geographic domicile. The means for achieving that goal include the aggressive Greater Catholic expansionism and its proxy the Greater German expansionism towards warm seas - as conceptualized by Otto von Bismarck and pronounced over the past century and a half, resulting in two World Wars. Thus, having lost both WW1 fought with brute force and WW2 fought with a combination of force and quislings, the Vatican and Berlin - upon finding out they are unable to conquer America and Russia by force - now attempted a soft WW3 with quislings only - so-called globalists with fake agendas like climate change, pitting America against Russia, and deindustrialization - all aimed at strategically weakening America as the main obstacle to pope's (who in fact is an absolutist king) totalitarian rule over the Earth - a digitized version of the Dark Ages.
Using diplomacy and the EU as a proxy, Bismarck's followers (who were empowered by the Vatican II where German Jesuits tightened the grip over the Roman-Catholic Church), have tried to create a loophole for bypassing the rules of the international order, namely the terms of their preceding capitulation that forbade territorial expansion. Other methods German geostrategists use for softening of resistance to their Bismarckianism include selling of German pseudophilosophy as though the pinnacle of all knowledge, via Teutophile (therefore fake) philosophers in target-nations. Other methods include unnecessary equating of fascism and communism - though the former was the means of greater-Germanic territorial expansionism which is going on still today (monetary war instead of gunpowder). The latter on the other hand, was a means of heroic resistance to pseudocapitalism into which German and Austrian elites wrapped themselves at the turn of 20th century and who, ever since, pose as respectable industrialists and financiers, such as Hapsburg family with its Grawe Insurance, Raiffeisen Bank, etc. At the same time they took their Bismarkianism to the full swing; with their original attempt having nearly collapsed in a great economic depression, they dropped the mask of German civility and marched during 1930s right into a series of bloody aggression campaigns. It was not European nations who marched first to conquer Germany; it was the Germans who wanted to conquer other nations first. This makes it obvious that there is nothing to forgive: who forgives for having defended themselves - and does it in order to ease the enemy's consciousnesses for attacking again?
As for the often-heard claim by Germans and their quislings, on the Germans' alleged historic right to rule Europe as pursuant to a numbers argument ("We Germans are the biggest and the most powerful, therefore we should run Europe"): You do not get to decimate Europe over ten generations - murdering and displacing half of its population - and then come back in the eleventh generation to lay claim to that same Europe based on your numbers, be it demographic or macroeconomic - same thing when it comes to Germany! Despite the wishful thinking of German geostrategists, you just do not get to do that, as you have surrendered all of your historic rights in the process, not just by the act of signing the 1945 capitulation, but primarily by inflicting the most heinous acts upon Europe, ever.
In their aspirations, not even the extraterritorial (fake) Tribunal in Hague is of use, despite it very often performing the same role for the followers of expansionist Bismarckianism in South-East Europe as the Hitler's fake courts previously. Concerning special warfare methods in Bosnia proper, the Church and the Hapsburgs (who nowadays control crime clans along the Orient geopolitical stretch Vienna-Skopje) always saw Bosnian Muslims as nothing more than useful idiots for destroying Serbs (e.g. the 1990s inciting of the Muslims under the Kotromanićs' fake coat of arms) since Catholics in Bosnia are too few to carry out such a mass crime, and the Vatican - as always in the last 1000 years - would fight Serbs until the last Bosniak.
Methodology for hiding the truth about stećak and Illyria
Methodology for hiding the truth about stećak and Bosnia has many layers, and includes:
- direct destruction, often by using stećci as a building material in erecting large objects such as churches (including Orthodox), by staging construction digs under the excuse of expansion of Catholic cemeteries, by building roads (even low-rank ones, whose route is easy to adjust) through best-preserved and most beautiful necropoleis such as Radimlja by Catholic Austria-Hungary in the past, and Crljivica by Catholic Croatia today, by stealing artifacts and documentation from archaeological locations like underwater site of Illyrian fleet at Hutovo blato and taking them to Croatia, by stealing the Bosnian royal jewels and other valuables and taking them to Croatia, etc.
- direct negation that stećci have anything to do with Antiquity and earlier periods, e.g., by a communist pseudo-historian Šefik Bešlagić who in his idolized works openly berated everyone who would point at evidence that stećci are not medieval monuments,
- selective glorification of the statistically negligible sample of those rare stećci which, by adding inscriptions, became superficially related to Christianity - as though the only or at least a majority of stećci,
- promoting of mythomania such as on Bogomils' Bosnia, and so on.
The inversion of the truth about Bosnia is most obvious in the case of stećci, but it is present, although in covert forms, in practically all branches of (manipulations-prone) historical sciences. For example, German Nazis claimed Old Germanic motifs on Bosnian stećci, such as Swastika, although those were just traces of ancient Illyrian cultures older than Germanic (for example, rock art depicting swastikas from the Neolithic on the Scripted rock near Višegrad), or creations by local followers of Gothic Cult of God of Snakes that spread throughout Europe 655-990 CE.
Illyria is the cradle of all civilizations
That Illyria is the cradle of all civilizations is seen from the comparative dating of a global characteristic sample of all the important features of an imperial expansion, in this case, expansion of the Illyrian ("Slavic") influence. It is clear from this comparison that not only worship of the supreme gods in many cultures around the world originated in Illyria, but the same also happened with worship of supreme deities (both male and female), then the legends (mythology), language of the elites, as well as metallurgy (Illyrians discovered production of copper and bronze, and probably iron too though that has been debated), along with everything else that an imperial expansion implies. Thus, the world’s oldest figurine of the goddess of fertility with a child in her arms (called kourotrophoi) was found in Vinča (5000 BCE), with the Phrygian (Brygian) cap on child’s head. The worship of this goddess expanded to Old Greece as the cult of goddess Demeter (later on goddess Artemis or Artemia, also known as Delia), in Africa as the goddess of fertility of the Djenné-Djenno (Niger basin) – the oldest culture of sub-Sahara, in Sumer as the Sun-goddess and fertility-goddess Innana, in Mesopotamia as the snake-goddess, in pre-dynastic Egypt as the fertility-goddess Isis (mother of the Sun-god Ra, or Horus), while the Romans plagiarized it as goddess Diana, and then the Vatican too as its concept of the Virgin.
Illyrian assimilative imperial expansion – the creation of Russian and Indian protocultures
In the Harappa culture, in Mohenjo-daro, India-Pakistan (3300-1300 BCE), which developed in the west part of the Indian subcontinent – indicating that it came from Europe –a relief was discovered depicting the Illyrian omni-goddess (sveboginja or sei-boina, i.e. Serbona in a possible transliteration by J.I. Deretić). On the relief, the goddess is seen taming wild beasts beneath the Illyrian symbol of the Sun-wheel ("eternity"), while underneath stands a mammoth she thus caught – dating the relief back to the eras before 2500 BCE (extinction of mammoths). This display places the Illyrian Empire in the period between the early days of Illyria (since the end of the Butmir and Vinča cultures) and the spread of the Illyrians to Asia at the peak of Illyria since its creation around 7500 BCE. This reveals the period of peak of the Illyrian Empire as 4000-2000 BCE, and the period of decline as 2000-1500 BCE, after which Illyria in Trojan War in 1200 BCE fell for the first time to Greece. Several centuries later, the Illyrians reestablished their state – the Kingdom of Illyrians – which the Greeks then re-conquered several times after that; however, any attempts to assimilate Illyrians remained unsuccessful. Subsequent empires took over the Illyrian concept of expansion of the zone of imperial influence (the imperialism) by assimilation, such as the Roman Empire, i.e. the Holy Roman Empire, then Spain, Great Britain, etc., but with enormous cruelty and sinister tricks like slavery, colonialism, quislings, and so on. On the other hand, the Illyrians never kept slaves, never exploited others for profit, nor did they have their own quislings elsewhere. The Illyrian imperialism was that of an enlightenment, and it has not been recorded that they or their descendants ever engaged in a war of aggression but always and only defensive wars, on their own territory. However, others always used fruits of creativity of the Illyrians and their descendants who in return would be faced with hatred and an original Italian “invention” – excommunication, as in case of Nikola Tesla and others.
In addition to the aforementioned characteristic (statistically significant) sample of always highest ranking both gods and goddesses that can be traced back in time all the way to Illyria, the language too was transmitted to other regions of the world from Illyria. Thus for example, the Latin language - according to the dictionary by Pavle Solarić - contains thousands of words originally from the Bosnian language (Serbian, Illyrian, "Slavic"). Since the Latin language had formed completely by the 3rd century (before the Illyricana - a period of Illyrian generals serving as emperors of Rome), "Slavs" did not arrive in the 6th century from the east as claimed by some, but were domicile in Illyria before the Rome existed. In addition, since the Illyrians never Romanized, such a strong and shaping linguistic influence could have been exerted only in the Rome's early stage and by the Illyrians onto the Romans, not the other way around.
In another example, script (glyphs) tablets have been found a century ago in India, belonging to the Harappa culture (2600-1900 BCE), which have not been interpreted yet. They depict glyphs similar to those of the Vinča script and the Tartar plates discovered in Romania in 1961, as well as on Old Bosnian stećci. All of those scripts are still waiting to be deciphered. At the same location in India, in 1923, a figure of the White King was found, most likely depicting the founder of India's first dynasty the Kurus. The king is wearing a cloak embroidered with the trefoil motif, which along with the Old Bosnian stećci containing the same motif makes for the oldest heraldic representation of the trefoil in the world (picture). According to the Indian epic Mahabharata, the Kurus dynasty "ruled the entire world". As for the establishing of their power in western India, that was an imperial expansion of this dynasty to the Indian subcontinent from the west – via a most natural route and the easiest way at the time (picture). The route traced the uniform sea climate and the relief, i.e. the shores of the Black, the Caspian, and the Aral Sea. Faced with the Himalayan range, they turned together with the Caspian Sea (which at that time spanned all the way to the Indus river) southeast and broke in the Indus valley – all the way to the "end of the world" at shores of the Indian Ocean. They thus traveled "from the Illyrian Sea to the Indian Sea" – as expected from a Mediterranean civilization. This sea-to-sea expansion of the Illyrians will become the basis of all later myths of "journey to the end of the world"; thus generals of the Assyrian King Adad Niraria III (805-782 BCE) called the Caspian Sea (which at that time spanned all the way to the Indus river) the "Great Sea of the Rising Sun", i.e. “the ocean at the end of the world". In the holy prayer book Rigveda (one of the four Vedas – canonical collections of the hymns of history of ancient India), in verse 10-107-20, the origin of the Kurus is described as: "His homeland is like a sea of blooming lotus, like divine palaces – all decorated and miraculous". This poetic description refers to a country in a mild climate such as Mediterranean, filled with lush vegetation, i.e. gifts of nature such as medical herbs and spas (there are indications that Illyrians prescribed medicine 3 times a day - along with prayers to god Triglav - which significantly increased success rate of their medicine especially antibiotic herbs and mineral water), as well as human creativity - the findings (metallurgy, art, marine skills, etc.) indicate that the Illyrians were unmatched in the attributes of creativity in their time. In addition to philosophy and science, Ragveda speaks mostly about the principle of dāna – the value of giving, i.e. donating (charity) in society. The word dāna translates literally into Bosnian (Serbian) as “giving”. Most of the Vedas have yet to be interpreted.
After the West-European centers of power imputed that the Slavs originally came from Russia, it turned out that the Russians actually came from Illyria – starting with the Yamnaya culture (together with the accompanying Maykop culture: 3300-2600 BCE) as the Russian protoculture and the nucleus of the Russian statehood, which is also considered as the first proto-European culture. However, Yamnaya was a bronze culture, and since bronze metallurgy was discovered in Illyria (Serbia), the Yamnaya and its language came from Illyria. Likewise, another such myth – according to which the alleged Arians (e.g. swastikas on Old Bosnian stećci and rock art from the Neolithic – therefore before the Harappa culture) came to Illyria from India – the exact opposite turned out to be the case as well; also, India’s scientists teach their nation’s story the other way around, i.e. that the Aryans came to India from Europe instead. The expansion of the supreme Illyrian gods and goddesses should also be added the expansion of numerous three-faced deities, which after 3000 p.n.e. flourished mostly in Africa and the Middle East, quite obviously following the example of the Illyrian supreme god Triglav (Three-headed) – the mankind’s first triple deity. The symbol of the trefoil (cloverleaf) prior to Antiquity is extremely rare and is found mainly on objects related to rulers and gods. Some characteristic examples (of only 10 or so known today) are (image): the Sumerian sacred marble calf (3300 BCE), the Mesopotamian Lama-god (2100 BCE), and the Holy Calf from the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen (1327 BCE) representing a solar carriage in which the Pharaoh, accompanied by the fertility-goddess Isis (mother of the Sun-god Ra or Horus), was to be taken to heaven.
Main evidence of Illyrian imperialism
Evidence of Illyrian imperialism in India is indeed abundant. Thus, according to the Indian science, the father of Hindu literacy is one Panini, the son of Panin (cf. Panonac for an Illyrian, in local language) from about 550 BCE. He authored the first grammar of Sanskrit – the language of Hinduism among aristocracy and clergy, which is still actively spoken by a smaller population of about 14,000 people in India, making it a living language. Sanskrit contains indisputably distinct expressions for ancient countries from the third millennium BCE, such as Cambodia (कम्बोजदेश [kambuyādēśīya]). Among those expressions is one for Serbia (सरबियादेशीय [sarabiyādēśīya]) as well Serbs (सर्बियागणराज्यम् [sarbiyāgaṇarājyam]), while the alleged meaning of the word that was considered to signify Greece (यवनदेशः [yavanadēśaḥ]) has been disputed as phonetically and in all other ways, i.e. completely unrelated to Greece. It would be important to discover the origin of the words for Serbia and Serbs in Sanskrit, i.e. whether they are (and in what context – explicitly or in a verse or cryptographic forms) mentioned in religious documents of the Hindu including the Vedas, or perhaps in Indian epics. One of the key proofs that the Illyrians did expand their imperial influence all over Asia through India is in the names of the fundamental Indian religious documents (the "Hindu Bible") – the Vedic scrolls (the Vedas) which are literally referred to in Sanskrit as śruti (in English: "what is heard "), in Bosnian (Serbian): čuti (to hear). Meaning, what is heard; narrations – where the author is unknown, unlike other religious texts of India which in Sanskrit are literally called smṛti (in English: "what is remembered"), in Bosnian (Serbian): smrti (deaths, or postmortem). Meaning, what is remembered after one dies; notes – where the author is known. In this way, Illyrian forefathers of the Indian civilization delineated periods of the Indus valley civilization (3300-1700 BCE) and the to it continuing period of the Hindu scholastic literacy – the Vedic Age or Age of the Vedas (1500-1000 BCE).
Therefore, no mysterious "Indo-European language" existed or could exist – since neither Sanskrit nor Bosnian (Serbian) has been equally represented. Namely, while the former is the language of elites in India – spoken or otherwise used by a narrow circle of people including the chosen ones of clergy and aristocracy – the latter is today as well as back then a national language, and widespread at that. It has never happened throughout the history of civilization or linguistics that the language of the elite of one nation can be imposed as a popular language onto another nation. Only vice-versa is possible: the languages that are already in wide use in one nation can be transferred to other nations or parts of it like the elite. A classic example of this was the imposition of the Latin upon the Romans subjugating that empire’s provinces, but which, in just a few generations, would become corrupted to the point of becoming unrecognizable, and as such it simply disappeared in favor of the indigenous language (of the majority). Also, it is important to note an enormous number of obviously Bosnian (Serbian) words in the Sanskrit vocabulary that do not exist in other "Slavic" languages. Thus Sanskrit (2000-500 BCE) is a kind of "time capsule" and yet another confirmation that not only is this language (that is, the basis of the tradition of India) imported from Illyria (Bosnia, Serbia) and that India’s father of literacy or the "Cyril of India" was a Pannonian (an Illyrian), but also that the Slavs did not move to Illyria. On the contrary: they spread out from Illyria not only to Russia, as taught by advanced Russian historiography, but also to India, China (stećci), etc. The Illyrians felt this concept of assimilative creation of grammar to another people on their own skin on a couple of occasions at least: a millennium ago via “providers of enlightenment” (actually assimilators for the needs of the Eastern Roman Empire) of the then local elites Cyril and Methodius, as well as a few centuries ago when the Great Germanic imperialism through Vuk Karadžić who was on Austria’s and Germany’s payroll imposed a grammar and spelling that suited that imperialism (by the expulsion of "Greek" letters as a key proof that the Illyrian (Vinčan) script, which is also found on stećci, was the origin of the entire ancient literacy including Eastern).
It is plausible that the Latin slur "Servi" (in the meaning of slaves, servants) for Serbs and otherwise Illyrians did not originate in Latin, but was for geostrategic reasons imported into Latin to become an Illyrian self-imposed insult in a classical example of auto-censorship. The 3-of-3 sample in which Croatino means an imbecile, and Bosnae means cattle – leave little doubt that those are all simply slurs. However, given the above-mentioned inversion for Serbs, it is likely that all three came from Illyrian to Latin as an offense and not vice-versa. The root serbum itself is originally older than the Old Rome and the Latin language and represents the basis of what the Illyrians in the Danube basin called themselves, while those in the Illyria proper, i.e. Bosnia all the way to Sava basin, called themselves Pannoni or Pannini. Sources from the Old Rome (which, unlike the later sources from the Roman Empire) are still somewhat trustworthy, particularly the mapped information) designate Bosnia as Pannonia, which only much later became known in the late Roman sources as the Illyricum and Dalmatia. Also, since the symbolism of the Illyrian deities had spread to India, the swastika which is also found on the Old Bosnian stećci, is not originally a Hindu but an Arian (Illyrian) symbol of the Sun with playful rays, as often depicted by goddess Artemis or Serbona.
India’s primordial legend says that this nation was created on "seven rivers" – obviously a sister-legend to that on the origins of the Old Rome as well as Jerusalem. According to primordial legends of those ancient cities, they were created on "seven hills". This puts the Illyrians in the role of promoters of civilization as such, by installing their own dynasties to the east (Russia, India) as well as to the west (Rome), the south (Israel, Egypt, Libya, sub-Sahara), and North (Scandinavia) by imposing the same type of fundamental legends, the deities (shamanism, the concept of the “Sun-god” and the "goddess mother"), metallurgy (the discovery of bronze, copper, and possibly iron too, as well as silver etc.), language of science and technology (as in the case of English today, or French during Napoleon and the French Revolution, or before that Latin, then Greek, and going back in the past all the way to the Illyrian language, i.e. Bosnian or Serbian. Later on, and up to the modern times, numerous cities alleged they too were made "on seven hills/rivers", although all were made much later so that those are just copycats for purely romantic (religious, cultural) or economic reasons (tourism).
Old Bosnian roots
The dilemma on which culture of the Old Bosnian (Illyrian) civilization is more important or "older" – the Butmir or Vinča – is easily resolved if it is known that the Butmir culture is the oldest art culture (which faithfully depicts human face) and that the highest concentration of stećci – over 85% of them in fact – are in Bosnia, with the second largest concentration being in Serbia, and not vice versa. Consequently, as with the stećci, the spreading of the civilization was radial from Bosnia outwards. Results of contemporary genetic anthropology are in agreement with that general trend. In addition, stećci of Serbia and Montenegro are more complex in expression and form – and thereby more recent too. Finally, it is impossible to say whether contemporary Serbia (in transition from the Antiquity to the Middle Ages) arose early in the Middle Ages from today's Serbia into Herzegovina, or vice versa – from Herzegovina to today's Serbia, whereby it is essential to note that today's internal borders of Illyria ("Balkans") are but a recent political phenomenon. It is also worth noting that Vuk Karadzic himself had to admit that the purest "Serbian" language was actually spoken in Bosnia.
As stated above, the Illyrians did not come from Russia but vice versa, and not come from India either but vice versa too. And as seen from the chronology of the spreading of the fertility goddess – neither did they arrive from Africa, but vice versa also. Then, by tracing back (inwards) at least those three directions of the spreading of the Illyrian influence (in which one can freely count the spreading onto the American continents as well, where Shamanic rituals are more recent copycats of the Illyrian polytheistic rituals), it follows that Illyria is indeed the focal point from which virtually all of the fundamental values we today regard as the civilization values were created by own ingenuity, skills, and perseverance of the Illyrian people. In one of their fake attempts to appear glorious, the Romans have plagiarized the maxim "All roads lead to Rome" (in fact: All roads led to Illyria, and will continue so for all eternity).
Consequences of the Priority
The main consequence of the fact that the Illyrians (Pannonians, Trojans, Illyrians, Serbs, "Slavs", Bosnians) are the first civilization in the history of mankind, is that no other civilization, culture, nation, people, or organization has a historical or any other rights over Illyria or a part(s) of it, under any conditions or pretexts. All other subjects in the historical rights arena appear far more juvenile - both in terms of the age of their rights and the level of development of societal relations.
It is hard to see today the extent to which those other factors - especially the ones least fond of the Illyrians, like the Rome (the Vatican), Berlin / Vienna and Great Britain - along with their quislings, work(ed) to suppress the traces of the existence of this first primordial civilization on Earth. What disturbs them, what annoys them, what really pains them - is the unimaginable contribution of this proto-civilization which they did not contribute to, and cannot possibly appropriate. After millions of years of man's hanging around the caves and under the yoke of all sorts of fears, that proto-civilization has presented the mankind with a gift like no other: the ingenious creation of the metal (modern) era, which they then unselfishly shared along with other fruits of their knowledge, thus for the first time enabling the humanity a genuine progress and a chance to master its own fears as well as the material and spiritual worlds alike.
Thanks primarily to the information age (which too was a gift from an Illyrian at the turn of the 19th century), where even the best-kept ancient secrets are secrets no more, most selfish interests and spirits of colonial times (wrapped up in a misconfigured imperialism and its looting variants) have been exposed to the bone. As those spirits refuse to die out, in the stupidity and backward societal development (even the oldest civilizations are half the age of the proto-civilization) they believe that evermore sparkling and glittering construction projects, or technologies that turn the human brain into a machine mortale in-love with trifles that do not have and cannot have let alone create any meaning - will enable them to overcome the fears in which they remain captives due to societal backwardness and primordial primitiveness... No, they will not.
- Ovaj članak na bosanskom
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